Chickenpox is an acute infectious disease, the causative agent of which is a herpes virus type 3. That is why it is vital to know the causes of the disease, the main symptoms, treatment, and prevention of catching it.
The cause of the development of chickenpox is the herpes virus, which is transmitted by airborne droplets. The virus enters the human body through the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, upon contact with a sick person. Once inside, the virus begins to multiply actively, as a result of the immune response, fever and other symptoms that are not specific to this disease occur.Be careful when having sex for one night with single woman to marry.
The incubation period of this disease is, on average, fourteen days, sometimes it can be 21 days. During the first two days the patient may experience pain in the head and pain in the sacral area, this is most typical for adults, in children the disease manifests immediately in the form of rashes. This is followed by a period of rash, multiple blistering rashes are observed on the skin, a rash can occur on any part of the skin - head, abdomen, genitals, legs, face. Rashes have a wave-like nature and arise in stages. Rashes are also formed on the mucous membranes, transforming subsequently into ulcers. Rash, accompanied by fever, stays present from 2 to 5 days.
Most often, serious diagnostic methods are not used in determining chickenpox. The infectious diseases are examined by a doctor investigating the main diagnostic material on the basis of the clinical picture. Previously, there was a need for differentiation of chickenpox and smallpox, now, the second disease does not occur, and such a need has disappeared. In rare cases, laboratory diagnostics is carried out by light microscopy, for detection of a herpesvirus of the 3rd type, and also, reactions of detection of antiviral antibodies in blood serum are carried out.
How is chickenpox transmitted in adults?
Chickenpox is a disease that is actively transmitted from a sick person to a healthy in airborne route. It is rather difficult to protect oneself and one’s family from it because it is not always possible what is called "catching" the moment and understanding that communicating with this or that person will lead to illness.
Chickenpox in adults develops and proceeds as rapidly as in children, after 7-21 days of the incubation period.
A person remains infectious for about a week after the first manifestation of symptoms.
Chickenpox Complications in Adults
Chickenpox is dangerous for adults, first of all, because of complications - damage to internal organs, or risk of getting pneumonia. Chickenpox is also dangerous for pregnant women - the disease can affect the baby and lead to serious prenatal pathologies. Therefore, in adulthood, treatment of chickenpox should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist and only those drugs should be taken that were prescribed by a doctor.
The vaccine is widely used to prevent chickenpox. If in the group of children one of them falls ill, it is necessary to exclude the contact of the sick child with healthy children as soon as possible.